An unpleasant, strong smell of pee in males may indicate a pathological process, but it is not always so. The urine of adult healthy men has a number of organoleptic and physico-chemical characteristics that determine the physiological condition of many organs and systems at a given time. If there occurred some changes in the body, then it will definitely affect the biological material. If problems take place, the man may refer to urologist, andrologist, or venereologist.
Changes in the Smell of Urine
If the urine drastically changed the smell to unpleasant, but no other symptoms trouble a man, maybe there is no reason to panic. There are a number of factors that can influence not only the smell but also the color of urine, not exerting a pathogenic effect on the organism. Here are some of them:
- Food. Some products, such as spices, meat, asparagus and other green vegetables when consumed in large amount can affect the smell of urine. Unpleasant odor of urine may occur if the day before a man drank alcohol.
- Medicines. Some preparations, food supplements or vitamins (especially vitamin B6) are capable of changing the usual smell of urine.
- Dehydration. Lack of fluid in the human body leads to the fact that the urine in men begins to smell like ammonia. In order for water balance to correspond to the norm, it is recommended to drink about 1, 5 liters of water per day.
Still, the smell of urine may change not due to the temporary condition of the body. There are other circumstances leading to strongly smelling urine in male.
The pathological disorders that result in foul-smelling urine include:
- Infectious lesions of the urinary canals and bladder.
- Sexually transmitted diseases. Mostly these abnormalities are accompanied by other symptoms: burning, itching and pain in the genital area of men.
- Inflammatory processes in the kidneys. In addition to pain in the lower back and changes in urine odor, the patient may suffer from muscle pain, high blood pressure, swelling and excess sweating.
- Unpleasant smell of urine, along with weak erection may be a sign of inflammation in the prostate gland. Chronic prostatitis is also characterized by a difficult process of urination.
- Metabolic disorders resulted from the changes of amino acids.
- Diabetes. The normal metabolism of glucose is hindered. The urine becomes cloudy, has an unpleasant acidic smell of acetone. A man may experience permanent dryness in the mouth. A dramatic increase or loss of body weight is observed. If the urine starts to smell like acetone, it can be caused by such complications as hyperglycemia (increase of glucose concentration in the blood plasma), which can lead to a diabetic coma.
- The smell of acetone may appear in men who are on a diet (fasting).
- Stone formation in the kidneys and the bladder.
- Liver failure. The urine becomes brown, with a predominance of the odor of rotten fish or garlic. The color of urine, as a rule, too, is changing. It becomes dark (like dark beer). Change in color and odor is caused by bilirubin (a product of breakdown of hemoglobin). Liver disease can be severe enough and ignoring the problem can lead to death of the patient.
- Cancer. If the malignant growth is localized in the bladder, kidney, prostate, or other urinary tract, secreted urine has a putrid smell.
When Should to See a Doctor?
If there are no further symptoms, except the unpleasant smell of urine, the man should try to guess what could lead to such consequences. It is necessary to analyze which products, pills or other non-pathological causes could affect the smell. If the provocateur of change was managed to determine, it should be eliminated. Within 24-48 hours everything should be back to normal. In case nothing is changed, or additional symptoms begin to appear, men are advised not to wait and see a doctor.
Note!Inexplicable bad urine smell in males does not admit of neglect. It is essential to immediately consult a doctor.
Symptoms that cannot be ignored:
- pain in the lumbar region;
- burning or pain during urination;
- pain in the genital area;
- the presence in the urine of impurities: flakes, pus, blood, etc.;
- discomfort during sexual intercourse;
- the increase in body temperature;
- signs of intoxication;
- disorder of process of digestion;
- dry mouth;
- frequent desires to urinate.
Diagnostics and Treatment
To maintain your health, you should not delay the visit to a specialist, hoping that the symptoms will pass away by themselves. Strongly smelling urine in male and other unpleasant symptoms means immediately visiting a doctor, the man is not recommended to self-medicate. Therapeutic treatment is selected individually for each patient. If you ignore this recommendation, you can cause significant harm to the body and exacerbate the situation.
The principle of any treatment in case of pathological disease will consist in eliminating it. Rules of personal hygiene should be observed as well. The key to successful treatment and preventing the development of other possible complications is a daily shower and change of underwear. You must not use someone else’s towel, washcloth, soap and other things of individual nature. In the treatment of a particular disease you must strictly adhere to all recommendations.