The prostate is a small (up to 4 cm in diameter) walnut-shaped organ located directly beneath the bladder and adjoining the upper part of the urethra. They don’t call prostate ‘male second heart’ for nothing, for it is to cope with two major functions: secretion discharge contributing to healthy sperm maturation and control over testosterone production enabling erection process. Pain in prostate area can be triggered even by small pathological changes in neuromuscular area of the gland. A vexing soreness can not only drive a man to feel extremely depressed, but also cause serious complications, such as malignant neoplasms, erection trouble, etc.
When a man suffers pain in the prostate, it often attests to the possibility of serious internal abnormalities of the gland or other nearby organs. But unpleasant symptoms can also stand for physiological traits of the male body.
Common Diseases of the Prostate Gland
The list of painful culprits that affect the prostate gland includes:
- Acute or chronic prostatitis. Men suffering from this disease generally sense prostate ache after ejaculation-the gland area develops swelling and inflammation-there is also urination disorders and symptoms of profound intoxication. The main cause of prostatitis is infection travelling to the prostate in lymph or blood flow from the urethra or other organs. Chronic condition is characterized by persistent pain in the perineum, fundament, and testicles areas. Manual medical inspection makes the discomfort spread to the lower abdomen and glans penis. Acute prostatitis is accompanied by utter, acute pain sensed extremely intense while the gland being palpated by the doctor.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Adenoma is a benign lump that is often formed when a man is young and keeps growing gradually as he gets old. Early stages of the disease show little or no symptoms. In advanced cases, an enlarged gland, the feeling of incomplete voiding, longer urination, low urine flow, pressing pain in prostate area after urinating are observed.
- Stones. When a man experiences the prostate pain during erection, one can speak about the ducts being blocked with stones formed by dense calcium, phosphates, oxalates, or urates. Severe aching pain by concrements is due to failure to discharge prostate secretion. In addition to painful feelings, symptoms of the condition include erectile dysfunction, profound fatigue, increased body temperature, urination disorders.
- Malignant tumors. Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer characterized by slow pathogenesis. The symptoms of the disease include frequent urination, feeling of incomplete voiding caused by enlarged prostate pressing the urethra, urination disorders, pressing pains and discomfort in the perineum area when urinating, pain in prostate when sneezing. You should not ignore symptoms of malignant neoplasms, as no proper therapy entails a high risk of metastasis.
- Cysts. Both an inflammatory process and neoplasms, benign or malignant, may result in sporadic and multiple cysts forming in the glandular parenchyma. Signs of the condition include emiction disorder, frequent urge to urinate, pain in prostate area when sitting, erectile dysfunction, and ejaculation trouble.
- Rectum diseases. Prostate pain following ejection can occur as a result of pathological changes in rectum (parietitis, distal colitis, hemorrhoids, etc.). In addition to pain, blood and mucus in feces, frequent constipation are also observed. If you have detected such symptoms you should see proctologist for examination and consultation.
Pain in the prostate may be caused by physiological features of the male body, genetic and ethnic aptitude, etc. The symptom requires appropriate treatment, otherwise complications such as lithiasis, impotence, nephatony, bladder dysfunction, abscess, prostate tissue overgrowth, and male infertility are likely to develop. A complex medical examination and comprehensive assessment of the patient are needed to determine true factors that have triggered an unpleasant sign and to choose an effective medication.